Below you can discover the important properties of both CBD oil and hemp oil. You will learn what makes them unique, how they work in the body and how they are produced.
What is hemp oil?
Hemp oil, better known as hemp seed oil, is extracted from the seeds of the hemp plant.
These small packages of DNA contain high levels of nutrients that are concentrated and refined in the hemp oil manufacturing process. It is considered one of the most nutritious plant foods and hemp seeds contain an impressive amount of healthy fats, proteins and vital minerals.
Although the oil from these seeds does not contain any cannabinoids, they are a healthy supplement to all types of diets.
Are CBD oil and hemp oil the same thing?
The short answer is no.
It is true that both CBD oil and hemp oil are products of the cannabis plant — especially a selectively grown variety that has low THC levels and is called industrial hemp.
However, they are extracted from different parts of its anatomy. CBD is extracted primarily from the flowers of the hemp plant while hemp oil is made from its seeds.
As a cannabinoid, CBD produces clear effects in the human body by connecting with the endocannabinoid system, among other molecular targets.
On the other hand, hemp seeds do not contain any cannabinoids and therefore hemp oil does not produce the same physiological effects. Instead, hemp oil contains large amounts of beneficial nutrients including fatty acids.
Let’s dive deeper into the differences between these two hemp-based oils below.
Production of hemp oil
Hemp seeds are found in the hard outer shell (hole). In this casing are two early cotyledon leaves, roots and an endosperm.
Manufacturers obtain the oil from these seeds by pressing them using special devices. Hemp seeds must be pressed properly to preserve the beneficial properties of the oil. Excessive heat can cause the healthy fats to oxidize and degrade, reducing the nutritional value of the end product.
For this reason, hemp seeds are often cold pressed to protect their nutritional profile.
Technicians place the hemp seeds in a cold pressing machine that uses hydraulic pressure to gently press them and send the oil down to a container where fibers and waste materials are separated. Cold pressing machines never exceed a temperature of 49 ° C. After cold pressing, the manufacturers drop the hemp oil into bottles — amino acids and healthy fats are then intact.
What is CBD oil?
CBD oil is an extract obtained from hemp flowers. These buds contain small mushroom-shaped glands called trichomes that produce resin rich in CBD and aromatic terpenes.
Manufacturers can isolate and concentrate these valuable phytochemicals using various extraction techniques. The result is that CBD oil offers a concentrated, easily administered preparation of cannabidiol.
As one of the important cannabinoids in the cannabis plant, researchers have been analyzing the effects of CBD for decades. The molecule connects to the body in a unique and multifaceted way and generates effects that we will explore in more detail below.
Production of CBD oil
At Arktis Naturals, we start production of CBD oil with naturally grown EU hemp plants that contain less than 0.02% THC. This negligible level of the psychoactive molecule means that the plants are in line with European regulations and that they do not produce any intoxicating side effects.
After carefully processing the plant material, there are several ways to extract the intended phytochemicals. We use state-of-the-art supercritical extraction to obtain a pure extract.
Our technicians begin the process of loading hemp flowers into an extraction container before introducing supercritical CO₂. In this state, CO 2 exhibits both the properties of a liquid and a gas at the same time, enabling it to pass through the plant material and act as a solvent to extract cannabidiol and terpenes.
The phytochemical-rich supercritical CO 2 is then introduced into a separator where it undergoes a phase change. A change in temperature and pressure causes the CBD oil to separate from the less dense CO₂, which returns to the system. The result is a completely pure oil free from residues and contamination.
We then infuse the highly concentrated CBD extract into carrier oils such as olive oil, hemp oil or MCT oil. Each of these carriers has a pleasant taste and fat molecules that bind to cannabidiol and enhance its bioavailability.
Benefits of CBD oil
CBD oil provides a concentrated dose of cannabidiol with a specific amount of milligrams per drop. Convenient bottles with pipettes make cannabinoids easy to administer, both at home and on the go.
CBD oil produces a range of effects that promote mental and physical well-being. Although research has a long way to go to fully understand how cannabidiol works in the human body, we have a general idea of the interactions it engages.
Current research suggests that CBD achieves its effects via:
- Connection to the endocannabinoid system
- Binds to TRPV2 receptors
- Binds to serotonin receptors
- Prevents the reuptake of the endocannabinoid anandamide
What is the difference between CBD oil and hemp oil?
Since CBD oil and hemp oil differ so much from each other, the choice is not really between the one and the other. The two products have their own unique functions and effects.
CBD oil contains high levels of cannabidiol and terpenes and produces clear physiological changes. The cannabinoid interacts with the endocannabinoid system as well as other receptors to exert these effects.
In contrast, hemp oil does not produce these effects. However, hemp oil provides high levels of important nutrients and serves as a popular cooking or cosmetic product.
Try high quality CBD oil
If you are thinking of trying CBD oil for the first time, or want to try a new brand, head over to Arktis Naturals’ store. Our range includes a wide range of CBD products — from oils and balms to pastes — made using only high-quality hemp plants in Europe.
If you want to learn more about CBD, how to take it and how it affects your body, take a look at our comprehensive CBD blog.